Z-pinch creates a unique state of matter, by passing a very large current through a uniquely designed load that compresses it to an extremely dense and hot matter called plasma. The goal has been to achieve a net gain in controlled thermonuclear fusion energy. Instabilities normally disrupt the implosion process, and control of these instabilities was a major challenge since the early fifties. The research, over the last four decades, at the University of California, Irvine, was mainly focused on finding the mechanisms to control these instabilities. Below are some of the publications that demonstrate the concept of staged Z-pinch that produces a stable implosion and a net gain in energy production of 40 to 50.
Rahman, H. U., F. J. Wessel, N. Rostoker, and P. Ney, “High yield fusion in a Staged Z-pinch”,J. Plasma Physics, 75, 749(2009).
Rahman,H. U., P. Ney, N. Rostoker,F. J.Wessel, “Fusion in Staged Z-pinch”,Astrophys. Space Sci, 323, 51(2009).
Rahman, H. U., F. J. Wessel, P. Ney, R. Presura, Rahmat Ellahi, and P. K. Shukla, “Shock waves in a Z-pinch and the formation of high energy density plasma” 19, 122701(2012).